3rd Study Week On Trade And Investment policies In The Global South.
The Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND), along with the South Centre and Third World Network, is organizing its 3rd Study Week On Trade And Investment policies In The Global South. This event will take place in fall 2015, in Geneva (Switzerland). The previous editions were exceptional opportunities to develop knowledge and expertise on the current trends of the global economy and its impacts in the South.
A Civil Society Perspective on EBRD Role in the Arab region
Mandated by the Deauville initiative for Arab countries in transition, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has become an active financial stakeholder in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean (SEMED) region, which comprises Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and Jordan. By the end of 2014, EBRD investments amounted to €1.5 billion spent on a total of 53 projects.
A number of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) from Arab countries are participating in the 2015 Annual Meetings of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in Tbilisi, Georgia scheduled to take place on 14-15 May 2015. CSOs will seize the occasion to advance a development and rights-based perspective to the debate on EBRD interventions in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Region
Growing “Religious” Radicalization Roots and recommendations for new counter-radicalism strategies
The growing Jihadi salafi phenomenon and the expanding expiatory dogma require thorough analysis from a cultural perspective, which will be our focus in this paper as we will not address this growing religious phenomenon from a security or historical point of view. We will try instead to identify the reasons for this development which relies on interpreting Islam based on the one single truth rejecting the culture of difference.
European Investment Bank and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and energy sector
Energy is key for achieving sustainable development. Early in 1992, the Earth Summit pointed that current levels of energy consumption and production are not sustainable. It called international donors to “support developing countries in implementing national energy programmes in order to achieve widespread use of energy-saving and renewable energy technologies, particularly the use of solar, wind, biomass and hydro sources; and to provide access to research and development results to increase energy-use efficiency levels in human settlements". 20 years later, in Rio+20, the critical role played by energy in the development process was once again affirmed as “access to sustainable modern energy services contributes to poverty eradication, saves lives, improves health and helps provide basic human needs”. Yet around 1.3 billion people in the world has no access to energy services and the Arab region shows variations between countries and within countries between rural and urban areas. (See Table 1) Where electrification rates are high, there still remains problems in terms of energy supply, and quality of the energy.
European Investment Bank and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and Climate Change
Climate change is a global crisis. Arab region on the other hand is identified as “the region most severely affected by climate change” by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate change impacts in the region include among others:
Higher temperatures and more frequent and intense heat waves
Sea-level rise that leads to losses of agricultural land and with adverse effects on fisheries
Less rainfall that brings drought and further hydric stress to already scarce water resources
Negative impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, including forests, mangroves and rangelands, risk of desertification
New areas exposed to dengue, malaria, and other vector- and waterborne diseases affecting people’s health and productivity due to changing rainfall and temperature patterns.
EIB and EBRD Interventions in the Arab Region in the AGRIBUSINESS Sector: A Civil Society insight
The following paper comes in a series of other papers, each tackling a different sector of focus within the EIB and the EBRD’s interventions in the Arab Region. The purpose of this one is to provide tentative background information on the EBRD and the EIB’s involvement in the region in the agribusiness sector. The papers are essential for monitoring the Banks’ work and involvement in the region from a rights-based perspective (how they affect Human rights and policy making). The aim is to provide information and data that help in advocating for the paper’s cornerstone: the right to food. Food security, food sovereignty and the effects of liberalization are all centered on the right to food. Therefore, firstly included is a summary of the Banks papers and studies that reflect their views and policies on the sector as well as brief descriptions of their agribusiness projects so far. Secondly, a quick review on the literature on agribusiness helps to identify the main challenges the sector faces. This section is also essential for the final recommendations.
Comparative Study: Tax Systems in Six Arab Countries
This paper is one in a series of papers published by the Arab NGO Network for development (ANND) as part of its work on monitoring IFIs’ policies in the Arab region. This work falls within ANND’s aims of strengthening the analysis and research on public policies in the Arab region, in addition to supporting the process of building a strong role for civil society in developing alternatives, specifically on the economic and social fronts, based on choices that are rooted in the local and national priorities and needs.